Sample Complaint/Answer against Predatory Lending (Fight Foreclosure)


Okay, folks as usual this is part of education services. It is not meant or is a substitute for legal advice of any kind or is an aid to practice law. Always contact a Nevada State Licensed Attorney for those services. This is just a sample complaint and does not constitute any attorney/client relationship.
CLARK COUNTY
NEVADA
______________________________________

Wells Fargo Home Mortgage Inc,

Plaintiff(s),
v.

XYZZ. and
YZZZ

Defendant(s).
______________________________________
)
)
Case No. 03CVE-12-13828

VERIFIED COUNTER COMPLAINT AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF PURSUANT TO CIV. __________

Parties
1. Plaintiff, Wells Fargo Home Mortgage Inc., (hereinafter referred to as Plaintiff) is domiciled in the State of Nevada, City of XXXXX, herein after, also, Plaintiff.
2. Defendant, XXXX C. ZZZZZ., (hereinafter referred to as Defendant) with her residence being 2630 Street, City, State ZIP. Defendant James XXXXXX herein known by his name.
Jurisdiction and Venue
3. Jurisdiction arises under 15 USC 1640, Title 12, Regulation Z, Part 226.1(c)(3), Title 24 CFR, Regulation X, Part 3500. This court also has authority to hear Federal Law.
General Background
4. This is an action for rescission of an illegal and void Mortgage and Note to certain real estate. This purported mortgage and note and the actions taken by Defendant contain unfair trade practices and predatory lending practices.
5. Defendant also seeks recovery for damages for non-disclosure of defendants right to cancel, non-disclosure of certain Truth in Lending disclosures and Federal violations of numerous consumer rights.
6. On or about May 03, 2009, Plaintiff and Defendant purported to execute a Mortgage and Note, purported loan number 000-000000. The said purported mortgage and note were never consummated by signing therein. Plaintiff never during the duration of the purported loan transaction, within a reasonable amount of time, ever gave the defendants a signed copy of the purported mortgage and note.
7. Either before, during and/or after the settlement, Plaintiff failed and/or refused to provide defendant with copies of important documents, including the complete mortgage and note, which would explain their consumer rights, as well as other rights, including but not limited to, the right to cancel the contract and the Federal Truth in Lending Disclosures.
8. Plaintiff also intentionally failed and/or refused to provide defendant various disclosures that would indicate to defendant that the contract entered into was void and illegal. For instance, Plaintiff failed to disclose that the loan obtained had an interest rate higher than stated and in the preliminary disclosures, which preliminary disclosures were never given.
9. Plaintiffs attorney and/or settlement officer did not furnish defendant with copies of numerous important settlement documents, ever in the loans history.
10. Plaintiff caused to be filed into the records of the State of Nevada, a foreclosure with no documents purported to be the mortgage or note purported to be executed by defendant.
11. Plaintiff never during the duration of the entire purported loans history delivered upon the defendant a Notice of Default and Right to cure, with the entire accounting to show where the amounts owed were derived from.
12. Plaintiff never during the duration of the entire purported loans history delivered upon the defendant an acceleration statement, accelerating the purported loan.
13. The Plaintiffs herein and at all times relevant thereto, was under legal obligation as a fiduciary and had the responsibility of overseeing the purported loan consummation and make sure that the defendants received all mandated documentation, before and after the purported consumer transaction.
COUNT I (UNFAIR TRADE PRACTICES INVOLVING NON-COMPLIANCE, 15 USC SECTIONS 1601, ET. SEQ.)
14. The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 13 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
15. The mortgage documents were not given by Plaintiff, after the settlement had taken place, and after defendants had purported to sign the documents.
16. The above-mentioned constitutes a false representation of the settlement agreement.
17. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs actions, Defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs actions.

COUNT II (DISCLOSURE VIOLATION PURSUANT TO 15 U.S.C. 1635, ET. SEQ.)

18. The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 17 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
19. The present case credit transaction is governed by the disclosure requirements of Title 15 USC 1635.
20. The UCC 1 lien applies to the transaction under revised Article 9 and to Plaintiff, because lien rights on the property arose in favor of Plaintiff as a result of the transaction.
21. Plaintiff failed and /or refused to meet the disclosure requirements of Revised Article 9 of the UCC, by not providing the notice required or filing it before during or immediately after the settlement, as mandated under the Article.
22. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
23. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notices, defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT III (MISSING STATEMENTS VIOLATION, PURSUANT TO 15 U.S.C. SECTION 1635, ET. SEQ.)

The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 23 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
24. The two required statements under 15 USC 1639(a) (1) (A) and (B) are completely missing.
25. Plaintiff also failed and /or refused to meet the disclosure requirements of Section 1635, by not providing the notice/disclosure or filing it before during or immediately after the settlement, as required under this statute.
26. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
27. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice, defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT IV (MISSING DISCLOSURE STATEMENTS VIOLATION, PURSUANT TO 15 U.S.C. SECTION 1638, ET. SEQ.)

The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 28 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
29. The required disclosure statements are completely missing under 15 USC 1638(a)(2)(B) (a)(9), (a)(11) and (a)(12) and Regulation Z, Part 226.17 et seq.
30. Plaintiff failed and /or refused to meet the disclosure requirements of Section 1638, by not providing the disclosure or causing its filing before during or immediately after the settlement, as required under this statute.
31. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
32. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice/disclosure, defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT V (DISCLOSURE VIOLATIONS, PURSUANT TO TITLE 12 CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS SECTION 226, ET. SEQ.)

34. The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 33 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
35. The Federal Reserve Board Interpretation, Title 12 Code of Federal Regulations Part 226, Supplement I, Paragraph 23(a)(1), provides that in the present case the transaction is rescindable for reasons above and below stated.
36. The disclosures made in relation to the consumer credit transaction were not presented in the manner required by law. Furthermore, the disclosures were not grouped together and were not segregated from everything else as required by Title 12 Code of Federal Regulations, Section 226.17(a)(1) and in this case were not given at all.
37. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
38. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice/disclosure, defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT VI (RIGHT TO RECIND VIOLATIONS, PURSUANT TO TITLE 12 CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS SECTION 226, ET. SEQ.)
39. The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 38 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
40. The right to rescind or cancel settlement document was unsigned by both parties, was not disclosed or given, as required by Title 12 Code of Federal Regulation, Section 226.18 et seq.
41. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
42. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice/disclosure, defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT VII (RIGHT TO CANCEL VIOLATIONS, PURSUANT TO TITLE 12 CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS SECTION 226, ET. SEQ.)

The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 42 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
43. There was no separate form to cancel, as required by Title 12 Code of Federal Regulation, Section 226 et seq.
44. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
45. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice/disclosure, defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT VIII (DISCEPTIVE GROUPING VIOLATIONS, PURSUANT TO TITLE 12 CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS SECTION 226, ET. SEQ.)

47. The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 46 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
48. The interest disclosures were not given together with other information within the documents.
49. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
50. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice/disclosure, defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT IX (NO GOOD FAITH ESTIMATE VIOLATIONS, PURSUANT TO TITLE 12 CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS SECTION 226, ET. SEQ.)

The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 50 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein
51. No good faith estimate copy was received by Plaintiff, as required by 12 Code of Federal Regulation, Section 226.18(c) and 12 USC 2601 et seq.
52. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
53. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice/disclosure, defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT X (CONSUMER STATEMENT MISSING VIOLATIONS, PURSUANT TO TITLE 12 CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS SECTION 226, ET. SEQ.)

The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 54 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
55. A statement that the consumer should refer to the appropriate contract document and clause for information about nonpayment, default, the right to accelerate was not given, as required by Title 12 Code of Federal Regulation, Section 226.18(p).
56. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
57. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice/disclosure, defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT XI (DISCLOSURE VIOLATIONS, PURSUANT TO TITLE 15 U.S.C. SECTION 1601, ET. SEQ. AND REGULATION Z)

The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 58 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
59. Since this action was commenced, Plaintiff has continued and so continues to violate the Consumer Credit Protection Act, Title 15 United States Code, Section 1601 et seq., and Regulation Z, Title 12 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 226, which was adopted pursuant to such Act, by failing to properly make the disclosures required by the Act and Regulation Z, as herein after more particularly set forth.
60. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
61. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice, Defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Defendants failure.

COUNT XII (FAILURE TO DISCLOSE CALCULATION OF MORTGAGE BALANCE, PURSUANT TO TITLE 12 CFR SECTION 226.4, ET. SEQ.)

The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 62 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
63. Plaintiff failed to disclose in or with the disclosure statements, because no disclosure statements were given, the amount of the balance to which the rate was applied and an explanation of how that balance was determined and further failed to disclose the fact that the balance is determined without first deducting all credits and payments made and payments as required by Title 12 Code of Federal Regulations, Section 226.4 et seq.
64. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
65. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper acceleration notice, Defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT XIII (FAILURE TO DISCLOSE ITEMIZATION OF CHARGES, PURSUANT TO TITLE 12 USC 2610 ET SEQ.)

The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 66 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
67. Plaintiff failed to disclose in or with the acceleration statement the amounts, itemized and identified by type, of charges other than finance charges debited to the account during the acceleration period as required by Title 12 Code of Federal Regulations, Section 226.21.
68. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
69. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice, Defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT XIV (INFLATION OF ACCELERATION FEES , IN VIOLATION OF TITLE 12 USC SECTION 2610, ET. SEQ.)

The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 70 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
71. Plaintiff has inflated the acceleration fees without operation of law, which amounts to usurious interest, in violation of Banking Law at 12 USC 2610 et seq.
72. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
73. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice, Defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT XV (FAILURE TO DISCLOSE DATE, IN VIOLATION OF TITLE 12 USC SECTION 2610, ET. SEQ.)

75. The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 74 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
76. Plaintiff failed to disclose the date by which or the time period within which the new balance or any portion of the new balance must be paid to avoid additional finance charges as required by Title 12 Code of Federal Regulations, Section 226.18(p).
77. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
78. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice, Defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT XVI (FAILURE TO PROVIDE COPIES OF MORTGAGE, IN VIOLATION OF 15 USC SECTION 1601, ET. SEQ.)

The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 78 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
79. Plaintiff failed to give to Defendant signed copies of the complete mortgage as required by 15 USC 1601 et seq. within a reasonable amount of time or never during the entire period of the Loan Agreement.
80. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
81. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice, Defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT XVII (FAILURE TO OBTAIN SIGNED LOAN DOCUMENTS , IN VIOLATION OF 15 USC SECTION 1601, ET. SEQ.AND TITLE 12, REGULATION Z, PART226 ET. SEQ.) The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 82 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
83. Plaintiff failed to give the required sentences in various loan documents and have signed by the Defendant, as required by 15 USC 1601 et seq. and Title 12, Regulation Z, Part 226 et seq.
84. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
85. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice, Defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT XVIII (FAILURE TO DISCLOSE USE OF SETTLEMENT FEES IN VIOLATION OF TITLE 12, REGULATION Z AND 15 USC SECTION 1601, ET. SEQ.

The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 86 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
87. Plaintiff failed to disclose to the Defendant that the settlement fees could not be a part of the amount financed as required by Title 12, Regulation Z and 15 USC 1601 et seq.
88. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
89. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice, Defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT XIX (FAILURE TO DISCLOSE LOWER INTERST RATE, IN VIOLATION OF 12 USC SECTION 2601, ET. SEQ.)

The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 90 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
91. Plaintiff (s) failed to disclose to Defendant that the loan obtained has an interest rate higher than the rate reflected in the Preliminary Disclosures and do not fall within the tolerances as required by 12 USC 2601 et seq.
92. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
93. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice, Defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT XX (FAILURE TO DISCLOSE LOAN ORGINATION FEE, IN VIOLATION OF 12 USC SECTION 2601, ET. SEQ.)

The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 94 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
95. Plaintiff failed to disclose to Defendant that the loan obtained required loan origination fees, whereas the Preliminary Disclosures reflected no such fees as required by 12 USC 2601 et seq.
96. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
97. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice, Defendant is subject to loss of property, loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT XXI (FAILURE TO GIVE 3 DAY COOLING PERIOD, IN VIOLATION OF 15 USC SECTION 1601, ET. SEQ. AND REGULATION Z)

The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 98 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
99. Plaintiff failed to give Defendant the required 3 day cooling off period, as required by Regulation Z and 15 USC 1601 et seq.
100. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
101. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper disclosure, Defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT XXII (FAILURE TO GIVE CONSPICUOUS WRITINGS, IN VIOLATION OF 15 USC SECTION 1601, ET. SEQ. AND TITLE 12 CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS, SECTION 226.18

The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 102 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
103. By reason of the foregoing, Plaintiff has failed to make the disclosures required by 15 USC 1601 et seq. and Title 12 Code of Federal Regulations, Section 226.18, clearly and conspicuously in writing, in a form that Defendants could keep as required by 15 USC 1601 et seq. and Title 12, Code of Federal Regulations, Section 226.18. As a proximate result of the foregoing, the Defendant herein has the right to rescind the entire transaction.
104. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
105. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice, Defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT XXIII (FAILURE TO GIVE PROPER NOTICE OF DEFAULT AND RIGHT TO CURE AND ACCELERATION NOTICE, IN VIOLATION OF 12 USC 2601 ET SEQ, 15 USC SECTION 1601, ET. SEQ. AND TITLE 12 CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS, SECTION 226.18)

The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 108 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
107. Plaintiff has further failed to give proper notice of Notice of Default and Right to Cure and acceleration of the loan transaction as required by 12 USC 2601 et seq. and 15 USC 1601 et seq.
108. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
109. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice, Defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT XXIV (VIOLATION FAILURE TO DISCLOSE INTEREST RATE PURSUANT TO REGULATION Z, PART 226.4)

111. The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 110 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
112. Plaintiff failed to disclose beginning interest rates and the adjustable rate rider.
113. Defendant is specifically in the class of persons this statute was designed to protect.
114. As a direct, proximate, and foreseeable result of Plaintiffs failure to provide proper notice, Defendant is subject to loss of property and loss of use of property and other damages as a result of Plaintiffs failure.

COUNT XXV (INJUNCTIVE RELIEF)

The facts made above in paragraphs 1 through 114 are hereby realleged as though fully set out and incorporated by reference herein.
115. Defendant has been and will be seriously injured unless Plaintiffs foreclosure and other activities complained of are preliminarily and permanently enjoined. Defendant will suffer irreparable injury of a continuing nature that cannot be adequately calculated or compensated in money damages.
116. Defendant seeks an injunction to enjoin defendant James XXXXX from keeping relevant documents such as, complete loan package but not limit there to and to forward all relevant foreclosure documents to the defendant.
Prayer for Relief
Rescission of the entire Mortgage and note amounting to clear title to property with fixtures as a result of the aforementioned, and
118. As a result of Plaintiffs aforesaid violations, Plaintiff is liable to Defendant in an amount not less than $200.00 and up to $2000.00, for each and every violation, and
119. Damages as a result of the aforementioned violations, to be fixed and awarded by the Court, and
120. Damages for the Unfair and Deceptive Acts and Practices in the amount of $4000.00 for each and every violation, and
121. Damages in the amount of three times the interest paid and clear title to the property stemming from the usurious interest, and
122. Judgment against Plaintiff for return of the down payment, and other payments, as well as interest on the above amount, and
123. Cost of litigation as provided in Title 15 United States Code, Section 1601 et. seq., and
124. Any other relief the court deems just and proper.

Dated this day of , 2009.

_______________________________________
E XXXXXXX
2630 Desperado Drive
Henderson, NV 00000

VERIFICATION
Notary:
I certify that I know or have satisfactory evidence that Elizabeth XXXXX is the person who appeared before me, and said person acknowledged that (he/she) signed this instrument and acknowledged it to be (his/her) free and voluntary act for the uses and purposes mentioned in the instrument.

___________________________________
Notary

____________________
My commission Expires

6 Comments

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s