This question has arisen many times lately, and still we do not have a confirmed answer. But nonetheless it can be litigated because the trial loan modification is afterall a contract, and every contract can be enforced. This goes back to the first year law school class of contract. It means offer, acceptance, consideration and execution. Here, it has all the elements of contract formation. All the judicial remedies of a contract are available in this litigation also. Why not? A lender cannot be compelled to modify a contract unless they had taken governmental bailout money and there are federal guidelines about foreclosure and the requirements one has to meet. We are talking about folks who had gotten trial loan modification and the banks is reneging on it. Here, someone signed, accepted the trial loan modification and sent quite few payments in executing the offer, and did their part of the bargain.
NCLS has brought four class action suits on behalf of Massachusetts residents to challenge the failure of Wells Fargo Bank, Bank of America , J.P. Morgan Chase Bank and IndyMac Mortgage Servicers/OneWest Bank to honor their agreements with borrowers to modify mortgages and prevent foreclosures under the United States Treasury’s Home Affordable Modification Program (”HAMP”). The complaints are filed with the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts and assert claims for breach of contract, breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing and promissory estoppel under Massachusetts common law arising from the financial institution’s alleged failure to keep its promises to modify eligible loans to prevent foreclosures against homeowners who have lived up to their end of the bargain as required by HAMP.
Here are some of the complaints filed lately for such litigation.
Complaint No. 1